Do you think it is appropriate to label the child as pass or fail in the initial years of his/her schooling? Have you ever contemplated whether it is healthy or not? Evaluation is an integral element of the education imparted at the preschool level. It provides awareness about the achievements, interests and possible challenges confronted by the children during the entire learning process.
The objective of the assessment is to present valuable information regarding a child’s degree of development and academic comprehension accomplished in the school. This aids in ascertaining early detection of impediments in the healthy development of children, their special scholastic requirements (if any) and particular skills and interests of the children.
Important Guidelines for Assessing Preschool Students
The assessment procedure that is followed at preschools should be developmental, persistent and based on the experiences outlined in the educational program. The significant points that need to be considered while evaluating the performance of children at the pre-school level include: Also Read Education Trends to Watch out for in the Coming Year
- The assessment must be established based on qualitative discernment of the children in terms of activities performed, state of health, nourishment, social behavior, and physical well-being.
- The evaluation of the children must be done on an individual basis employing informal and structured scrutiny of children’s academic, physical and other activities.
- The children must not be made to appear for any form of examination, be it written or oral, under any circumstances.
- The aim of assessment during early education is not to categorize children into the division of ‘Pass’ or ‘Fail’.
- The evaluation should furnish directives for enhancing the new skills of the children.
- The entire assessment procedure should emphasize the strengths of the children rather than highlighting their flaws.
- The progress record of children should be maintained for all the parameters of development regularly and consistently.
- The assessment should assist in recognizing children requiring special needs.
- The teachers should prepare activities based on the evaluation of children.
- The teachers and parents need to keep track of children’s progress collectively.
Effective Execution and Reporting of the Assessment
The evaluation of the children in preschools should be executed by perceiving and recording the children’s overall development based on their performance in day-to-day co-curricular as well as extra-curricular activities. The rationale behind designing these activities is to identify the strengths and developmental gaps of the children and in addition to providing continuous encouragement to them.
The progress of every child needs to be estimated thoroughly and continuously, with the aid of their social behavior, craftwork and other related activities, subjective records, portfolios, checklists, and communication with the fellow students. Any significant improvement made by the child in his routine work must be acknowledged and appreciated to fortify their accomplishment towards the long-term objectives.
The progress record of the children would offer authentic information to the teachers and administrators concerning ways of improving the curriculum, incorporation of requisite changes, planning and, organizing of future schedules, determination of common queries and resources to be furnished. The portfolio of every child should be made available to the parents for their due consideration. These portfolios should stay with the preschool authorities up to the time of the child’s progression to another preschool Student level or the primary school. The parents should receive a verbal and written summary report of their child’s progress twice in a year, at the minimum.
Evaluation of Tools and Techniques
The assessment of the pre-school children is done through the use of these tools and techniques:
(a) Narrative Records:
These are the concisely written account of children’s interests, social relations, language application, media of interaction, health status and, food habits.
It focuses on the strengths, skills and, knowledge of the children. The samples of a child’s artwork, craft, painting, collage making, and other such activities are incorporated into a portfolio.
The observations are implemented scientifically and are a source of accurate information about the different dimensions of the child’s personality and academic progress.
A checklist is a list of a child’s traits, learning outcomes and behavior in a specific development domain. A teacher is required to authorize whether these attributes are present in a pre-scholar or not by putting a tick mark in the checklist either under “Yes” or “No”.
(e) Rating Scale:
It is used for evaluating the performance in tasks, skills, processes, qualities, procedures and end products.
(f) Video clips and photographs:
Audio/Video aids enable the teachers to evaluate the progress of a child and encourage him thereby, increasing his confidence. The teachers can design suitable classroom activities and practices by observing and hearing the recordings contingent on privacy considerations.
The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) has also taken an initiative by introducing explicit guidelines for the pre-school curriculum. These regulations should not be restricted to pre-schools only but must be enforced in the other standards of primary and senior secondary education. This effective system of evaluation would accentuate new skills of the students and boost their morale to face the impending challenges in their future years.